Regional literature : Literature that accurately seeks to portray or is associated with a particular geographic region or people. Often regional literature is set within a particular area, and the writer or poet tries to capture the customs, dialect, behavior, and historical background of that region. Harper lee's to kill a mockingbird and Thomas Hardy's Return of the native are two examples of regional novels. Eudora welty and William faulkner are often held up as examples of southern regional writers generally. More specifically, appalachian poets include ron Rash, danny marion, lynn Powell, and Rita sims quillen. Register dialect : A dialectal variation used only for a particular circumstance or for a specific purpose. For instance, the ceremonial language of sermons, weddings, and funerals often uses words like brethren or beloved.
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For instance, the Indo-european word *ekwos -which developed into equus in Latin, ech in Old Irish, and eoh in Old English, is a reconstruction. Recto : see discussion under quarto writing or examine this chart. Reflexive construction : a verb combined with a reflexive pronoun functioning as business the direct object. For instance, in Spanish, yo me llavo i wash myself. In English, this often creates a redundant phrase, such as "I repent me of my promise." refrain : A line or set of lines at the end of a stanza or section of a longer poem or song-these lines repeat at regular intervals in other. Sometimes the repetition involves minor changes in wording. A refrain might consist of a nonsense word (such as Shakespeare's "With a hey, and a ho, and a hey nonino" in the song from As you like it a single word (such as "nevermore" in poe's "The raven or even an entire separate stanza. If the refrain is meant to be sung by all the auditors listening, such as in Burns' "Auld Lang Syne the refrain is often called a chorus. The device is ancient. Examples are found in the Egyptian book of the dead, the bible, greek, latin, and Provençal verse, and in many, many ballads. Regional dialect : Another term for geographic dialect.
The central concern in this theory is called a "horizon of expectation. E., that a reader's experience of textual meaning will dramatically alter depending on the time and place of the reader. This idea contrasts radically with the new Historicists or biographical critics who argue that textual meaning will dramatically alter depending on the time and place the author wrote the work.) More detailed explanation is available here. Recognition : see anagnorisis. Reconstruction : A literature hypothetical earlier form of a word that probably existed, but for which no direct evidence is available. Linguists normally mark reconstructions by placing an asterisk in front of them. This marks them as a hypothetical word.
Rearstage : The section of the stage farthest away from the viewing audience, the back of the visible stage as opposed to "backstage" and out of sight. Rebus : a visual pun in which a written sign stands for a different meaning than its normal one-usually because the two words sound alike. For instance, the letters c and U sound like the words see and you in the instant messenger version of "c u later!" The rebus is a common feature in Egyptian hieroglyphic writings and Babylonian cuneiform. Received pronunciation : The accent used by upper class British citizens-usually considered a prestigious or "classy" pronunciation. Linguists refer to this accent by the abbreviation. One personal aside-for any computer users reading this who are working with speech recognition software, my wife has found that party artificially imitating an "RP" accent almost doubles her computer's consistency in speech recognition for voice commands-at least when working with Macintosh software! reception theory : a variant of reader response theory that emphasizes how each individual reader has a part in receiving (i.e, interpetting) the text. German scholar Hans-Robert jauss in the late 1960s was the primary advocate.
It is sometimes difficult to distinguish between naturalism and realism. Some writers are classified as part of both movements. Personally, i distinguish between them by noting how naturalism goes out of its way to obsessively and grimly point out the limitations of human potential. Realism shares this concern, but seems less obsessed with this point. My distinction, however, is one not generally accepted by literary critics. Often, writers like thomas Hardy are said to be both naturalistic and realistic, for instance. Examining the wide variety of writers called "realists" at one time or another shows how flexible the term. These writers include such diverse artists as Mark Twain, Flaubert, balzac, zola, guy de maupassant, tolstoy, gogol, gorki, william Howells, william Burroughs, Thomas Hardy, and Norman mailer. Dramatists normally considered realists include henrik ibsen, george bernard Shaw, and Strindberg.
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(1) First, it refers generally to any artistic or literary portrayal of life in a faithful, accurate manner, unclouded by false ideals, literary conventions, or misplaced aesthetic glorification and beautification of the world. It is a theory or tendency in writing to depict events in human life in a matter-of-fact, straightforward manner. It is an attempt to reflect life "as it actually is"-a concept in some ways similar to what the Greeks would call mimesis. Typically, "realism" involves careful description of everyday life, "warts and all often the lives of middle and lower class characters in the case of socialist realism. In general, realism seeks to avoid supernatural, transcendental, or surreal events. It tends to focus as much on the everyday, the mundane, and the normal as events that are extraordinary, exceptional, or extreme.
Cuddon short notes, realism "more crudely. Suggests jackets off, sleeves rolled up, 'no nonsense attitudes toward literary art (773). (2) Secondly and more specifically, realism refers to a literary movement blue in America, europe, and England that developed out of naturalism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Although realism and the concern for aspects of verisimilitude have been components of literary art to one degree or another in nearly all centuries, the term realism also applies more specifically to the tendency to create detailed, probing analyses of the way "things really are. This tendency reveals itself in the growing mania for photography (invented 1839 the tendency toward hyper-realistic paintings and sculpture, the continuing rise of the popular prose novel, the growth of "realism" in philosophical movements, and in the increasingly realistic stage productions during the nineteenth and. The movement contrasts with (and is often used as an antonym for) literary forms such as the romance, science-fiction, fantasy, magic realism, mythology, surrealistic art, modernism and postmodernism. Note that the earlier literary movement known as naturalism is often used as a precursor and antonym for realism, even though both literary movements share many similarities.
The state of innocence was thought to be the ideal one for humanity. Radical innocence was the ability of an adult to maintain a child-like sense of wonder, faith, and goodness in spite of being aware of the cruelties, injustices, and heartaches of the world. The term has become something of a catchphrase in modernist and postmodernist writings. See for instance, yeats'"tion below: Considering that, all hatred driven hence, the soul recovers radical innocence And learns at last that it is self-delighting, self-appeasing, self-affrighting, And that its own sweet will is heaven's will. william Butler yeats, "A Prayer for my daughter" (1920) raisonneur (French, "Reasoner a character in continental literature whose purpose is similar to that of a chorus in Greek drama,.
E., this choric figure remains at a distance from the main action and provides a reasoned commentary about what takes place. However, a raisonneur doesn't necessarily sing like the chorus, and the character appears in other genres of literature (short stories, novels, poems) rather than in dramatic works. Rash boon : A motif in folklore and in Celtic and Arthurian literature in which an individual too hastily promises to fulfill another character's request without hearing exactly what that request. For instance, in the first tale in The mabinogion, "Pwyll, Prince of Dyfed Pwyll promises to give gwawl son of Clud whatever he requests. Gwawl demands that Pwyll give him his wife, rhiannon, much to Pwyll's dismay! In the French Erec et Enide, we see the knight Erec involved in such a motif. In The wife of Bath's Tale, the rapist knight makes a rash boon to the aged hag-and the hag later claims that boon before Gwenevere's court, demanding that the knight marry her. Räuberroman (German, "Robber-novel The german term for a picaresque novel. Realism : An elastic and ambiguous term with two meanings.
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It was last updated April 24, 2018. This list is meant to assist, not intimidate. Use it as a touchstone for important concepts and vocabulary that we will cover during the term. Vocabulary terms essay are listed alphabetically. D e, f g, h i, j k, l m, n o,. R s, t u, v w x y z book radical innocence : The romantics valued innocence as something pure, wholesome, fulfilling, natural, and individualistic. They saw it as antithetical to the corrupting influence of civilized conformity and the heartless, mechanized, industrialized, materialistic society of the Enlightenment. As Emerson put it, "the simple genuine self against the whole world" was the movement of the romanticism, and radical innocence was its essence.
Children create short sentences using words they have learnt. Conversational practice helps to develop confidence in communication. Thematic nursery rhymes spark interest, holden refine language skills and develop an inquisitive mind. Craftwork opens the door to creativity and imagination. Storytelling and game sessions encourage participation and associative learning, n2 little Chinese duration: 1hr 45mins. Berries read recognise Programme lays a strong foundation for a childs interest in reading. Idioms and language exercises featuring a compilation of cartoons help reinforce understanding and stimulate application of the language in daily life. Basic strokes and sequence of Chinese characters develop writing skills, storytelling and game sessions encourage participation and associative learning. Literary terms and Definitions: r, this page is under perpetual construction!
the festival, held at leicester Tigers' stadium, from the stands. Eager: Sam teamed a floral print kimono-style top with a similar black outfit for her outing. Also performing at the event on Friday was Tinie tempah, who kept his wayfarer shades firmly on for the set. The 25-year-old wore his black vest, matching shorts and white trainers. He excitably tweeted the day before: 'festival Timeeeee!' after writing: 'my brother @maverickSabre 's new music is niceeeeeee! headliners: Tinie tempah took to the stage at the festival on Friday in a pair of sunglasses and a black vest. The 25-year-old artist tweeted excitably ahead of his set to say: 'festival Timeeeee!'. Nursery, n1 first Bite duration: 1hr 30mins, berries read recognise Programme lays a strong foundation for a childs interest in reading.
The singer kept her make-up natural after teaming a loose-fitting black t-shirt dress with coordinated leggings summary and platform heels. She accessorised with a gold watch and matching bangles, before taking to Twitter to show her gratitude to the crowd. 'Thankyou so much to my fans that came to see me today xx I love all the presents xx so excited x sam posted to her 354,000 followers. Blooming: The 37-year-old teamed her number with matching leggings while her tresses were tied up in an elegant up 'do. Rocking out: The mother-of-two teamed her outfit with a gold watch and platform heels. The previous day, the singer had been spotted in the stands on the first day of the event in a similar, but chic look. While opting for the same leggings and a tee, sam added a floral print kimono-style jacket which brightened up her ensemble. She had worn the same look the previous weekend for the gig at Pontypridd's Big weekend, while showing off her burgeoning tummy.
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Nothing's going to stop her! Pregnant Sam bailey strokes baby bump as she performs in all-black outfit at leicester Music Festival. Published: 20:34 bst, updated: 14:48 bst, despite now sporting a large bump with just a matter of weeks to go until she welcomes her third child, sam bailey proved nothing was going to prevent her from putting on a show on Saturday. The x factor winner paraded around energetically on stage at the leicester Music Festival, as she stroked her growing tum. The 37-year-old chose a simple, all-black outfit while her long tresses looked chic, pinned back into an up 'do. Scroll down for video, not long to go: Pregnant Sam bailey rested a hand on her bump as she performed at leicester Music Festival on Saturday. Nothing will stop her grooving! The x factor winner dressed desk her burgeoning tum in a loose-fit black top.