After 1 hour of writing, i realize that I forgot mention about Champarans Indigo Struggle when Gandhi got actively involved in Indian Freedom struggle for the first time! Now I cant add. Because there is no space in initial pages. However I can still try to add it in the conclusion like in 1947 Gandhi won the fight he started with Champaran. But when Examiner doesnt find the mention of Champaran in the initial pages, then he gets an impression you forgot it less marks. Hence everything has to be written in its place.
Short Essay on Environmental Pollution
quot;ng the famous"s, padding with Fodder Material, suggested reading. Reading books as a hobby, related articles, this is what I learned from my seniors and toppers. There are plenty of articles on internet on how to prepare the essay (read editorials daily etc.) Im writing one about how to actually write work it inside the exam hall. In the Essay paper, they give you 4-5 essays and youve to write only one. Time limit -3 hours, max-marks200. In a 2 marker question, upsc specifically mentions that answer it in 20 words. So with that logic, youre expected to write an essay containing around 2000 words for the 200 marks. Before you start the Essay writing. They asked an essay on Gandhi, i start writing. I write something like. Gandhi was born in Porbandar then he went to me backfreedom ndhi-Irwin.2nd round rtitionetc.
That world is long gone. All the water and canals around us are drying out gradually, he told. It seems like there will not be water here in statement the future. And that has already happened in other cities in the delta. Garbage and sewage clog a canal in Tanta. (Jonathan Rashad for The worldPost) This was produced by The worldPost, a partnership of the berggruen Institute and The washington Post. Think for Thirty minutes, what *NOT* to write in an Essay? Provokative essays, dont get Personal (Cong.
There is pollution everywhere. Adel Khedr and his son Ismail at their wheat farm in Tanta. (Jonathan Rashad for The worldPost) Next door to beh Shaaban, i met Adel Khedr. His farm is only a few dozen feet from a canal, but it no longer supplies enough water for his crops. He dug a well to get to groundwater to supplement the trickle from the canal. But the well water does not have enough nutrients, he told. He went on: Its plan salinity is high, which could kill our crops at any time. Years ago, kheder essay did not have a problem getting enough water from the canal.
Eighty miles from the sea, in the small town of Tanta, i found that the story for farmers was no different. I met an older woman named Beh Shaaban sitting next to her cattle. She lamented the loss of a bird called the cattle egret that used to be ubiquitous around here. The birds have always been friends of the farmer in Egypt, Shaaban told. They always helped by eating pests and insects that kill the crops. They remove the ticks and flies from the cattle as well. Now, the birds are dying because of pollution. They are also transferring diseases after eating from the huge garbage pile near the farm here.
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Sickle in hand, he talked with me about what papers its been like to work the land here over the years. There are around 18 clay brickmaking factory towers around the farms here, he said. The smoke coming out of these towers laces the plants with smoke exhaust, which eventually stunts resume the crops here. The government controls the amount of water that goes into the canals, sabrout went on, and many farmers dont know how the system works. There is competition between some landowners, he said.
It is a matter of who manages to get more water, leaving the other landowner most likely suffering a shortage. Back in the day, there was coordination and respect. There is no water management among us here. Beh Shaaban on her farm in Tanta. Eventually, i turned away from the coast and headed back inland.
I am not sure why it is not fertile anymore. It could be pollution. It could be high level of soil salinity because my land is near the sea. Sewage adds to henidys farming troubles. The authorities generally ignore sewage disposal into the river, and the banks of the canal are constantly clogged with garbage.
The water is becoming more and more toxic. Five years ago, henidy said, we started feeling the pollution through the water coming from the main canal nearby, which is contaminated by chemically treated sewage disposal. And that kills our crops. The government does not care. They throw chemical waste into the nile everywhere. Mohamed el-Sabrout, a day laborer in Rosetta. About 20 miles away from Henidys farm, i met Mohamed el-Sabrout, a day laborer who works on a farm not far from the mediterranean.
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Taha el-Erian, the teresa head of water resources at the Egyptian Public Authority for Shore Protection, told me that as the sea level rises, parts of the coast are being consumed, and the freshwater that farmers need for their crops is turning increasingly brackish. As the deltas agriculture land becomes saltier, farming here may become impossible. Even after the seawalls we set offer up, Erian said, the shoreline in the delta is still retreating gradually, at an average rate of 20 meters 60 feet per year in some coastal cities. Reports forecast the sea will rise more than three additional feet this century, which would likely leave much of the northern part of the delta under water. Hamada henidy at his farm in Rosetta. In the northern coastal city of Rosetta, where the nile finally meets the mediterranean, these dangers are already apparent. Hamada henidy owns a small farm here, but he cannot grow crops anymore. He does not know why. I carried out a few tests on my land, he told.
It is full of toxins, he told. That water causes kidney failure. In the 1940s, there was an average of around 90,000 cubic feet of water available per person each year. Now, it is less than a third of that, well within the United shredder Nations zone of water scarcity. The Egyptian government projects water availability to fall even further over the next few years, to what the. Defines as absolute scarcity. All this is happening amidst a changing climate.
flow and threaten the long-term health of agriculture near the. Worse may be to come. Thousands of miles upriver from the delta, the. Grand Ethiopian Renaissance dam on the Blue nile, the main rivers principal tributary, is nearly complete; once construction is finished, it will be the largest hydroelectric power plant on the continent and may further restrict the flow of freshwater and essential nutrients that are vital. For a farmer like saad, all of these problems build. Instead of having access to water from the nile less than a mile away, he has to rely on hand-dug wells. But the groundwater doesnt have enough nutrients for his crops. And anyway, saad said, garbage and pollution have ruined the nile water around here.
The nile river and Delta as seen from space. The nile delta is the final stretch of the worlds longest river, a landscape of fertile soil, farms and a constellation of towns and cities where the river fans out and drains into the mediterranean. It is one of the largest river deltas in the world and is home to almost half of Egypts population. But due to the countrys rapidly increasing population, climate change, and poor hibernation garbage, sewage and pollution management, this verdant region is at risk. Today, the river can barely supply the countrys water needs. Egypts population is expected to double by 2050, and with that growth comes increased demand for farms and food. So, too, comes greater pollution of the river and canals, on which farmers rely heavily to irrigate their fields. The well Ramadan saad uses for irrigating his farm.
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Ramadan saad at his farm in Banha. (Jonathan Rashad for The worldPost) by jonathan Rashad March 22, jonathan Rashad is a photojournalist based in cairo. March 22, 2018 is the 25th anniversary of World Water day. Banha, egypt — as I chased the fading daylight on a drive north from cairo toward the mediterranean sea, a farmer in a field off the highway beckoned me over with a welcoming smile. I was investigating the problems facing those who work the land here in Egypts Nile delta. The waterway that fed Ramadan saads field was clogged with garbage. There is a main Nile-connected canal nearby that is supposed to flow into the tertiary canal around the farm, saad told The worldPost. But it does not. The tertiary canal here has been entirely blocked by garbage disposal, and we cannot access the nile water, the which is the most fertile for irrigation.