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Argumentative essay on media - have your Research Paper
(I'm actually a big fan of Henry's book. Textual poachers ; it friendship was hugely formative for. But I think the poaching metaphor also has some limitations, and one of them is that it necessarily posits fans on the margins.). One of the reasons I wanted to write about this for twc is that twc is an open-access journal, which means that everything they publish is available online, for free: no need to pay for access to jstor or other academic databases. Go and read: Fan fiction paper and midrash: making meaning. And while you're at it, check out the rest of the issue. I'm looking forward to reading the whole thing.
Sometimes they make a meta-point, an argument about where we should focus our attention, how we should live, or how we should read the text at hand. After offering examples of midrashim which do each of those things, i draw a connection between midrash and fanworks (of all genres, though I focus here on fanfiction, because like midrash it's a written form As Jews constitute community through our interpretive storytelling about Torah. I've written about this before - see. Transformative work: midrash and fanfiction - though that essay isn't available online in full, so all you can read at the blog post is desk a teaser. Religion and Literature, i presumed I was writing for an audience which might know about midrash but didn't know about fandom; twc's readers, in contrast, presumably know about fandom but may not be familiar with midrash. Anyway, the big idea of this essay is that fanworks function like midrash, both in terms of the narrative moves they make and in terms of their community-building function. Ultimately i argue that when we think of fanworks in this way, we open up new understandings of both fanworks and the fans who create them: Thinking of fan fiction as midrash is a useful alternative to henry jenkins textual poachers analogy. Whereas Jenkins' analogy positions fans as serfs poaching game from the lords' estate in order to make meaning and to reclaim ownership of the storytelling which fans see as our birthright, the midrash analogy positions fans as respected interpreters, analagous both to the classical rabbis.
Organization for Transformative works. The essay is called, fan fiction and midrash: making meaning. Here's how report the essay begins: Because i am a jew, the torah is part of my inheritance, and along with that inheritance comes the obligation to read and to interpret. Reading and interpreting are also things I do professionally as a rabbi, though they're open to, and arguably the responsibility of, every adult Jew. One of the ways that Jews interpret Torah is through midrash, exegetical stories that seek to explore and explain idiosyncrasies in our holy texts. The word midrash comes from the hebrew lidrosh, to interpret or explain. Midrashim (the hebrew plural of midrash; in English, "midrash" can be either singular or plural) work in a variety of ways. They may fill lacunae in the torah text, resolve contradictions in the text, or articulate character motivations and emotions that aren't explicit in the text.
We need to get young people accustomed to producing journalism and to appreciating what differentiates good journalism from the other stuff. Other democracies outspend the United States by whopping margins per capita on public media: Canada sixteen times more; Germany twenty times more; Japan forty-three times more; Britain sixty times more; Finland and Denmark seventy-five times more. Government spends less than 450 million annually on public media. (To put matters in perspective, it spends several times that much on Pentagon public relations designed, among other things, to encourage favorable press coverage of the wars that the vast majority of Americans oppose.) Based on what other highly democratic and free countries do, the. These investments have produced dramatically more detailed and incisive international reporting, as well as programming to serve young people, women, linguistic and ethnic minorities and regions that might otherwise be neglected by for-profit media. I'm delighted to be able to announce that a new essay of mine has been published in the symposium section. Transformative works and Cultures, the fan studies journal published by the.
Social, media, effect on, youth
In our view we need to have competing independent newsrooms of well-paid journalists in every state and in every major community. So, if we can accept the need for government essay intervention to save american journalism, what form should it take? In the the near term, we need to think about an immediate journalism economic stimulus, to be revisited after three years, and we need to think big. Let's eliminate postal rates for periodicals that garner less than 20 percent of their revenues from advertising. What to do about newspapers?
Let's give all Americans an annual tax credit for the first 200 they spend on daily newspapers. The newspapers would have to publish at least five times per week and maintain a substantial "news hole say at least twenty-four broad pages each day, with less than 50 percent advertising. In effect, this means the government will pay for every citizen who so desires to get a free daily newspaper subscription, but the taxpayer gets to pick the newspaper-this is an indirect subsidy, because the government does not control who gets the money. What should be done about the disconnect between young people and journalism? Have the government allocate funds so every middle school, high school and college has a well-funded student newspaper and a low-power fm radio station, all of them with substantial websites.
Just about every serious journalist involved in an online project will readily concede that even if these ventures pan out, we will still have a dreadfully undernourished journalism system with considerably less news gathering and reporting, especially at the local level. The fatal flaw in so many sincere but doomed responses to the current crisis is that they try to do the impossible, to create a system using varying doses of foundation grants, do-gooder capitalism, citizen donations, volunteer labor, the anticipation of a miraculous increase in advertising. At best, these are piecemeal proposals when we are in dire need of building an entire edifice. The money from these sources is insufficient to address the crisis in journalism. We begin with the notion that journalism is a public good, that it has broad social benefits far beyond that between buyer and seller. Like all public goods, we need the resources to get it produced.
This is the role of the state and public policy. It will require a subsidy and should be regarded as similar to the education system or the military in that regard. Only a nihilist would consider it sufficient to rely on profit-seeking commercial interests or philanthropy to educate our youth or defend the nation from attack. With the collapse of the commercial news system, the same logic applies. The truth is that government policies and subsidies already define our press system. The government subsidies established by the founders did not end in the eighteenth-or even the nineteenth-century. Today the government doles out tens of billions of dollars in direct and indirect subsidies, including free and essentially permanent monopoly broadcast licenses, monopoly cable and satellite privileges, copyright protection and postal subsidies. We have to ask where we want to end up, after the reforms have been implemented.
Impact Of, media, on, society
They argue that a corporate focus on high profits, rather than the economic downturn or the Internet, is the root cause of a perceived crisis. They suggest the United States, which they assert spends 450 million annual to support public media, should be spending more like 10 billion as compared with other developed democracies. What do you think about this idea? Here's one reaction from a different political perspective. Ml, the full essay is here: here is shortened version of the essay, abridged with the consent. McChesney: Communities across America are suffering through a crisis that could leave a dramatically diminished version of democracy in its wake. Journalism is collapsing, and with it comes the most serious threat in our lifetimes to self-government and the rule of law as it has been understood here in the United States. The technologies and the economic challenges are, of course, more complex than in the 1790s, but the answer is the same: the democratic state, the government, must create the conditions for sustaining the journalism nashville that can provide the people with the information they need.
to be accepted. At early ages girls are being bombarded constantly, with images of skinny models. Everyday girls have an ongoing battle with their bodies because the media sets unachievable standards. Also, the number one wish for girls ages eleven to seventeen is to be thinner. Girls as young as five have expressed. In a groundbreaking essay, two of the United States' most prominent media reformers are calling for a 200-a-year tax credit for subscribers to daily newspapers, reduced megazine postal rates and news-literacy ducation in schools as methods for sustaining journalism. In an article in the forthcoming edition of The nation magazine, already posted online, john Nichols and Robert McChesny write, "We confess that we do not have all the answers. Neither, we have discovered, does anyone else.".
First, the media portrays that beauty is a necessity for all women. Unfortunately, the media pushes an unnatural body type, making natural beauty impossible to accept. The average American woman is 5'4" tall and weighs 140 pounds. Where as, the average American model is 5'11" tall and weighs 117 pounds ( nikki katz). Society is being brainwashed by the media. In fact, studies show that more than sixty percent of women do not like what they see in the mirror (Rutherford). Also, at young ages girls are impacted by the physical appearance of Barbie. Many people do not understand that looking like barbie is physically impossible. Moreover, the models women see in magazines are completely flawless, and have incredible bodies.
Essay writing on media - have your Research Paper Done
Body piercing And How Society judges. Body piercing And How Society judges Us Essay research Paper Body piecing is a topic that is world wide and is in our every day lives The following series of paragraphs will explain how the people with piercings are looked at by society today some wond. The average women sees four hundred to six hundred advertisements per day, and by the time she is over seventeen years old, she has received over 250,000 commercial messages through the media (Dittrich). Advertisers often emphasize the importance of physical attractiveness in an attempt to sell the products. Researchers are concerned that this places unneeded pressure on women to focus on their appearance. Also, researchers suggest advertising may directly impact womens body image, which can lead to unhealthy behaviors as women and girls strive for the ultra-thin body idealized by the media. This essay will attempt to prove that the media has a brutal effect on a womens confidence.